Painting Techniques

THE painting techniques mainly include composition, preparatory or underlying drawing in addition to methods of color application. Artistic painting is not just a form of art. To express his emotions, to show his soul, the painter devotes himself to a demanding discipline of work and technique. 

ARTIST has focused on three of the main practices among the great diversity of existing varieties.

Acrylic : 

Invented at the beginning of the 20th century for industrial purposes, it would take a few decades to achieve recognition. In the 1960s, it was made famous by the painter Andy Warholpioneer of the current Pop Art.

Acrylic paint is used for all kinds of works: portrait, still life, landscape, live model, industrial design, etc.

It uses pigments mixed with synthetic resins, dilute in water dries very quickly. It then becomes impossible to retouch the colors of the painting. The work will become indelible.

Watercolor : 

Perhaps dating from the Paleolithic cave paintings of Europe, it has been used for illumination at least since Egyptian times, but especially in the European Middle Ages. A great favorite of nature and travel lovers, it has long been perceived as a technique reserved for study, a preliminary step to what is painted afterwards with oil, for example. Its history as an art really begins in the Renaissance, a real process in its own right and reputed to be difficult to master.

One can notably mention Turner British painter of the Romantic period as one of the greatest watercolorists. Cezanne, a great fan, was fond of its use.

Founded on the use of finely ground and agglutinated pigments with gummed water, it must be applied to a thick support such as paper or silk. In the form of chalk, pencil or liquid, sThe colors are quite transparent. On a wet background, it facilitates the wash technique: a single color will be diluted to obtain different intensities and therefore shapes. 

Oil :

With a long tradition in the history of fine arts, it is customary to place its invention in the 15th century, and to say that it was Flemish painters who generalized its use. Van Eyck would be the father perfecting the process already tested by numerous painters before him.

Van Gogh, Rembrandt, Braque, Many, Courbet, Toulouse-Lautrec, Delacroix, all these artists transmitted their greatest masterpieces.

As its name indicates, we are talking about a mixture of color pigments and oil siccative (accelerates drying).

It takes time to understand how it works but it offers many possibilities including retouching. One of the conditions lies in the preparation of its support. 

Complex, this oil which hardens in air and light gives these paints a certain shine and must respect a precise rule to avoid cracking. It involves superimposing increasingly fat layers (fat on lean).

Its very slow drying, from one to three weeks, allows multiple mixtures of colors with a certain brilliance, including directly on the canvas. Thick, it allows you to work with impasto and thus create relief and texture, which brings a certain dynamic.

Each painter therefore determines which technique allows him to express what he feels and his message through his work. Just like his artistic movement, either known and adopted by everyone, or very personal. This specific style characterizes all of his work or differentiates certain periods.

Hundreds of are counted artistic movements some of which saw the light of day on the 13It is and who participate of universal cultural wealth and grandeur. Among the most widespread: realism, romanticism, impressionism, surrealism, minimalism, contemporary art... Perhaps other article topics!

Publié par Viviane VGM, Rédactrice du Magazine Artist La marque.

1 comment

  • ROMEYER Annie

    Merci pour cet article très enrichissant 👏👏👏

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